Mourning Posterous: how and why I built Urgeous
When Posterous announced it was closing its doors, I was upset. The writing had been on the wall for some time (ever since they were acquired by Twitter), and I had been prudent enough to use my own domain, but it still hurt. I would have to move my posts, and most importantly, find a new service.
Then I thought that instead of whining, I should do something about it.
What I liked most about Posterous was the ability to post by email; it let you post from any platform, without any special app. If you only had your phone, you could post. If you were in a cybercafé half-way around the world, but had access to Gmail, you could post. So any system that I would build would need to have that.
I also liked the fact that you could post using Markdown syntax (although one had to declare one's intentions at the beginning of each post).
The rest of Posterous I didn't much care about: I never really got what "Spaces" were about, for example.
And as with most (or all?) other webapps, I hate login in with a passion. I clear my browser cache often, and use many different computers; and we all have so many accounts on so many web services now.
I understand that I'm being irrational, that login in is necessary and that there are many solutions to managing credentials. Still, I don't like it. I don't like wanting to do something and being presented with a security screen and having to produce a "password". I'm not crossing borders in a war zone -- I'm just editing my blog from my home!!
So I decided that my blogging system would not require users to login to post, or to manage their posts.
As a start, those were the only three requirements: post-by-email, Markdown, no login.
I had been toying with Mailgun (email management as-a-service) for some time, and liked it a lot; the team is super-responsive, the service seems rock-solid, and I find it on the whole much simpler to use than their competitors. The ability to process incoming email was included almost from the start.
(Other experimentations have described the Mailgun solution in more detail before).
For storage, after looking at several possibilities (such as PostgreSQL 9.2, which I could never install!, or simple files on the filesystem, which becomes a mess very rapidly), I decided to use Amazon Web Services: not the cheapest approach, but it scales indefinitely and rarely breaks (and when it breaks, everything else is broken so it doesn't really appear as it's your fault, since all of the modern Internet seems to run on AWS). I used:
- S3 (simple storage service) for messages
- simpleDB for metadata.
SimpleDB is less well-known than S3 but is super useful; it's a key-value storage solution that one may call "no-sql" -- if not for the fact that it's queried with a sql-like syntax. What I like about it is that one can add attributes on the fly without "creating" them before hand, and query them immediately. Database columns really are a pain in this regard.
And so, here's how it works: when an email is sent to firstname.lastname@example.org, it is forwarded by Mailgun to a script on urgeous.com; that script
- makes sure the email is actually from Mailgun
- takes the "stripped-text" part of the post and parses it into HTML ("stripped-text" is a field populated by Mailgun that includes the text version of the message without quoted parts or signature blocks)
- stores the metadata to AWS SimpleDB and the HTML + Markdown text to AWS S3
- sends a message back to the user
The other benefit of letting users post only by email is that Mailgun flags spam and can even filter it; we'll seen how it works in practice but I think email spam is easier to spot than blog or comment spam.
In order to let users edit or delete their posts, a random key is generated for each message received and sent back to the user, in direct clickable links (so, no login and no typing). This is not very secure as the keys travel in the clear, but I feel it's an acceptable compromise (and since there is one key per message, no one key can give access to all posts).
And that's it!
Posts can be seen by querying the post-id and fetching the corresponding S3 file.
There are also a couple of other functions (ability to reply to posts, saving of last 3 versions when editing, automatic tagging of messages using OpenCalais, etc.) but they can be described later and not all of them are implemented in full.
But for now, this thing works!
I'm not making any promises except that I'm going to use this system for myself. But if it can benefit other people, then it would also be very cool. If it takes off, we'll figure out how to make it work, either with some kind of advertising, or by selling "premium" features.
But if it doesn't take off, then I will probably be able to maintain this as it is for an indefinite amount of time (since I'm using it myself anyway).